Posted by Tahir Laliwala | 1 comments

Create a Spring portlet with CRUD function in Easy Steps

What is Spring?

•    Spring is an open source framework developed by Spring Source, a division of VMware.
•    It provides lightweight solution to develop maintainable and reusable applications.
•    Any JAVA application can benefit from Spring.
  •   Simplicity
  •   Testability
  •   Loose coupling
•    Attributes of Spring
  • Lightweight
  • Inversion of control
  • Aspect oriented
  • Container
  • Framework
•    Spring is to keep the code as simple as possible.
•    It develops application with loosely coupled simple Java beans.
•    The current stable version of Spring is 3.0
•    Spring framework can be summarized in two ways.

  1. Spring can be described as a light-weight container, as it does not involve installation, configuration,  start and stop activities.
  2. It’s just simple collection of few JAVA Archive files that need to be added to the project class path.
  1. Spring can be described as an API containing a large collection of classes, methods, interfaces, annotations, XML tag that can be used in enterprise application.
  2. API helps you to use any framework or functionality very easily in your application.
Why Spring?

•    Basic Spring philosophy
  • Better leverage
  • Avoid tight coupling among classes
  • Enables POJO programming
  • IOC simplifies JDBC
  • DI helps testability
  • No dependency cycles
  • Not exclusive to JAVA (e.g. Microsoft .NET)
  • Communicate to ORM , DAO, Web MVC

Main Spring Modules

•    Dependency Injection
o    DI is the basic design principal on which core Spring framework is built.
o    DI helps you to avoid unnecessary creation and lookup code in your application.
o    Lets you define an XML file that specifies which beans are created and what their properties are
  •     Simplifies OOP by promoting loose coupling between classes.
  •     Also called “Inversion of Control” (IoC)
  •     IoC refers to the creating instances being done by the Spring container.
  •     The control for creating and constructing object is taken care by the Spring container.
  •     Primary goal is reduction of dependencies in code
                           •  An excellent goal in any case
                           •  This is the central part of Spring

•    Aspect Oriented Programming
  •     “Aspect Oriented Programming” refers to the ability to add side effects to a class method calls  without modifying the class source code.
  •     Lets you separate business logic from system services.
  •     Attempts to separate concerns, increase modularity, and decrease redundancy
  •     Separation of Concerns (SoC)
  •     Break up features to minimize overlap
  •     Don’t Repeat Yourself (DRY)
  •     Minimize code duplication
  •    Cross-Cutting Concerns
  •      Program aspects that affect many others (e.g. logging)

Step 1: Start Eclipse IDE, create a Spring Portlet known as Spring Sample Portlet.
Go to File -> New->Liferay Project and click on Next

Step 2: Select Liferay MVC from Portlet Framework and click on Finish.

Step 3: Go to New -> Liferay Service Builder

Step 4: Provide Package path, Namespace as well as Author Name and unchecked the box.
Click on finish.

Step 5: Add entity, finder and order by details in service.xml.

Step 6: Add necessary Spring related library in WEB-INF/lib

Step 7: Create a Spring context file with named as PORTLET_NAME-portlet.xml.

Step 8: Add beans entry in it.

Step 9: Add Spring Dispatcher Servlet Portlet class in place of default MVC Portlet class in portlet.xml.

Step 10: Add below entry in web.xml

Step 11: Execute ant build-service command through below navigation from Eclipse IDE.
Liferay Service Artifactory generate implementation, utility classes for entity mentioned in service.xml

Step 12: Now Create class under src/com/liferay called Film Profile Controller, and put below code in this class.

import javax.portlet.ActionResponse;
import javax.portlet.RenderResponse;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.validation.BindingResult;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ModelAttribute;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.portlet.bind.annotation.ActionMapping;
import org.springframework.web.portlet.bind.annotation.RenderMapping;

import com.liferay.test.model.Film;
import com.liferay.test.model.impl.FilmImpl;
import com.liferay.test.service.FilmLocalServiceUtil;

@RequestMapping(value = "VIEW")
public class FilmProfileController {

    public String showFilms(RenderResponse response) {
        System.out.println("inside show films......");
        return "home";

    public Film newRequest(@RequestParam(required=false) Long filmId) {
            Film film = new FilmImpl();
                film = FilmLocalServiceUtil.getFilm(filmId);
        return film;
        }catch(Exception e){return new FilmImpl();}

    @RenderMapping(params = "myaction=addFilmForm")
    public String showAddFilmForm(RenderResponse response) {
        return "addFilmForm";

    public String showEditBookForm() {
        return "editFilmForm";

    @ActionMapping(params = "myaction=deleteFilmForm")
    public void deleteFilmForm(@ModelAttribute Film film,ActionResponse response) {
        System.out.println("Inside delete film ...............");
        try {
        } catch (Exception e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
    @ActionMapping(params = "myaction=addFilm")
    public void addFilm(@ModelAttribute Film film,
            BindingResult bindingResult, ActionResponse response, SessionStatus sessionStatus) {
        System.out.println("Inside add film ...............");
        try {
        } catch (Exception e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            response.setRenderParameter("myaction", "books");

Step 13: Create another class called Long Number Editor under src/com/liferay/test, and put below code in this class file.

import java.beans.PropertyEditorSupport;
public class LongNumberEditor extends PropertyEditorSupport
    public String getAsText() {
        String returnVal = "";
        if(getValue() instanceof Long) {
            returnVal = String.valueOf((Long)getValue());
        if(getValue() != null && getValue() instanceof String[]) {
            returnVal = ((String[]) getValue())[0];
        return returnVal;

    public void setAsText(String text) throws IllegalArgumentException {

Step 14: Create another class called My Property Editor Registrar under src/com/liferay/test, and put below code in this class file.

import org.springframework.beans.PropertyEditorRegistrar;
import org.springframework.beans.PropertyEditorRegistry;

public class MyPropertyEditorRegistrar implements PropertyEditorRegistrar
    public void registerCustomEditors(PropertyEditorRegistry registry) {
        registry.registerCustomEditor(Long.class, new LongNumberEditor());


Step 15: Edit the file, and put below code in Impl file. 

public Film create(long userId,long groupId,String director, String cast) throws SystemException {
        long filmId = counterLocalService.increment();
        Film film = filmPersistence.create(filmId);

        filmPersistence.update(film, false);
        return film;

    public Film create(Film film) throws SystemException {
        long filmId = counterLocalService.increment();
        //Film film = filmPersistence.create(filmId);
        filmPersistence.update(film, false);
        return film;
public List getFilmData(long userId)throws Exception
        return filmPersistence.findByUserId(userId);

    public List getCompanyFilm(long groupId)throws Exception
        return filmPersistence.findByGroupId(groupId);

    public int getCompanyFilmCount(long groupId)throws Exception
        return filmPersistence.countByGroupId(groupId);

    public void deleteFilmProfile(long filmId)throws Exception


Step 16: Now build the service and deploy the portlet.

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